Jewish population makes up 75.3%, Arab sector reaches 20.6%; Israel relatively young, with 28% of population under 14 years old, compared to just 17% in most other Western countries.
Since Independence Day last year, 161,000 babies were born in the State of Israel while some 39,000 people passed away. Close to 19,500 new immigrants arrived in the Jewish country over the past year, while up to 8000 people left the country due to natural migration.
Other statistics published by the CBS for Independence Day show that in its 64th year, the majority of the Jewish population — 70% — is “Sabras” or Israeli-born citizens and most are the second generation in Israel. This is compared to 1948, during Israel’s first year, when only 35% of the Israelis were born in the country.
In addition, the data shows that while in 1948 only one city, Tel Aviv, boasted 100,000 residents, in 2012 some 14 cities hold that many people and six cities — Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Rishon Lezion, Ashdod and Petah Tikva — have more than 200,000 residents.
According to a CBS report released on the Jewish New Year last September, Israel is still a fairly young nation with nearly 28% of its population under the age of 14, compared to 17% in most other Western countries. Only 10% of the population is over the age of 65 in Israel, whereas in other Western countries the average is closer to 15%.
Regarding the growth of Jewish families in Israel, CBS figures show that the average Jewish family size has increased in recent years from 2.8 children per household in 2008 to 2.97 in 2010. In the Muslim community, the average number of children per mother was 3.75 last year, a fall from the previous two years where it had previously reached 3.97 children per household. Among Christian families the average number of children was down to 2.11 in 2008.
Women in the State of Israel continue to slightly outweighing the number of men, especially in the more advanced years of life.
According to the data, there are roughly 979 men for every 1000 women, however in the under 37 set there are more men but it is the imbalance in the over 75 age group that offsets this with some 673 men for every 1000 women.